According to Kaplan (1976;74) the severe slump that followed after the boom of 1919 and 1920 and in face of rapidly increasing competition from imports as normal trading patterns resumed, industrialists began to be even more vociferous in their demands for protection. Protection policy was the only way to protect the primary industry l assumed that this led to the 1910 industrial commission to question and examine the tariff protection policy which received with a lot of criticism but industrial community realized the utter futility of expecting a proper appreciation of its needs at the hands of men whose position training and interests necessarily influence their judgement when dealing with economic problems. The argument that of free trade and protection within the history of economic development in SA to my assessment is of important as all accepts enforced for true economic development. With the South African authorities of the Tarriff Board in conflict of which economic policy was suitable to implement according to Kaplan (1976;76) in 1925 the Pact Government of the Customs Tariff act No 36 was implemented this followed major criticism as protests against protection were based on the fact that the policy was bound to raise the general wage level with adverse effects to profitability and the economic life of the industry.
I have learnt from this article that it is very difficult to remove government intervention or the protection policies in the economy as well to let Freetraders have ruin in the economic matters without regulation.
Kaplan, D. The politics of Industrial Protection in South Africa. 1919-1939.” Journal of Southern African Studies .Vol 3,No 1,October 1976